SAP ABAP Technology
Development using ABAP and JAVA
ABAP stands for Advanced Business Application Programming language. It is an interpreted programming language
that runs in the SAP ABAP Runtime environment. ABAP is the main language used for building solid-state business
application solutions in the SAP Runtime environment. It has evolved over the years to include Object Oriented
language extensions as well.
With the introduction of the Netweaver release, certain applications such as Portal technology were best run on
a JAVA based solution, such as J2EE. SAP Netweaver also has a JAVA based runtime environment. This runtime
environment runs JAVA based solutions that have been deployed to the SAP JAVA server.
SAP has balanced its SAP software to leverage the best of either language for supporting the various applications.
- SAP Applications are installed on two different database schemas, depending on the specific application and
each are accessed by the respective runtime environment.
- one for the JAVA instance (JAVA Stack)
- one for the ABAP Instance (ABAP Stack)
- ABAP is used for all applications based on the ABAP stack.
- This includes all versions of SAP prior to SAP Netweaver, including the SAP Enterprise release.
- The ABAP Stack can still handle web based activities, however this is realized via ABAP based Web
Applications such as ABAP WebDynpro or Business Server Pages for UI solutions, and ABAP web services for
SOAP/XML based solutions.
- JAVA is used based on an integrated J2EE Engine that presents the foundation for fully web based
- Portal framework, Business Intelligence, IPC (Internet Pricing and Configuration) use the JAVA stack
as its foundation, running a J2EE engine.
Note: Some applications, such as the process integration solution (PI or XI) requires both an ABAP and JAVA
stack, as it uses the best of both from an integration point of view.
SAP Development objects are part of the SAP Software repository. This repository consists of the following
types of development objects:
- Data Dictionary Objects
- Domain Definitions
- Data Element Definitions
- Table/ View/ Structures
- All remaining Global Type Definitions
- Programs Objects
- Function Groups and Function Modules
- Web Dynpro controllers
- BSP Applications
- Web Applications
- XSLT transformations
- All remaining program related objects
There are several other repositories that contain various constructs and objects that are used by developers,
such as the MIME repository containing multimedia objects.
This is brief review of SAP ABAP technology. For a more in-depth
understanding of the SAP ABAP module, please review our available courses:
Please Note: The Learn SAP pages on this site are intended to be brief summaries for SAP customers
who are encountering SAP for the first time. For more advanced knowledge, please review the
articles in our SAP Library,
and our SAP Training offerings for both
Super Users and Project Teams.